Second Grade - Geography - Lesson 11


Review information from prior lessons.

Identify that Americans live in the United States, Canadians live in Canada, and Mexicans live in Mexico.

Distinguish between national and international.


Classroom size world map or globe

Classroom size U.S. map

Teacher Background

This lesson is intended to review information covered earlier in the year in other Geography and American Civilization lessons and introduce the concepts national and international.



Ask for volunteers to recall the following:

the name of the planet on which we live

the number of continents and their names

the number of oceans and their names

the name of the continent on which we live

the name of the countries located on that continent

the name of the country in which we live

the name of the state in which we live

the name of the city in which we live

Have various students locate as many of the above as possible using a globe, world map and map of North America.

Ask the students if they can tell the name that is given to the people who live in the United States of America (Americans). Then ask if anyone knows the name given to the people who live in Canada (Canadians). Finally, see if anyone knows the name given to the people who live in Mexico (Mexicans). Write each of the countries and the name given to the people who live there on the board.

Tell the students that nation is another word that is used to mean country. When we say that someone is a national hero it means that person is a hero to the nation where he or she lives. Tell the students that when we talk about something being international, we mean that it has to do with nations throughout the world. Explain that the people who are being studied in American Civilization this month are national heroes but sometimes the things that they did affected people all around the world, or internationally.

Discuss further the differences between something being national or international by briefly discussing a topic like pollution or endangered animals.


Second Grade - Geography - Lesson 12


Identify regions of the United States.

Answer questions using a key (legend) and a map.


Classroom size map of the United States

U.S. map transparency (optional)

Teacher Background

This lesson provides another opportunity for students to become familiar with individual states, and regions of the country as well. You may wish to use a classroom size map and attach stickers to mark locations, or make a transparency that could be marked with pens.

You may want to use the activities in this lesson as part of a game or contest between groups of students.


Display a map of the United States and ask volunteers to trace the east and west coasts of the contiguous states (review that these are the states that are touching one another). Next ask volunteers to locate Alaska and Hawaii on the map.

Point out to the students that when we discuss east and west coasts, we are talking about the land that is part of the contiguous states. Ask the students if they recall how we described parts of the United States when studying the Civil War (north and south). Say: We are going to again locate the birthplaces of the famous people we have just learned about, but this time we will identify them as within regions of the country. Using the map, point out the north, south, east and west regions.

With the students, locate and mark the following birthplaces. Use a different color or design for each person and develop a key with this information as you go along. For example, ask if anyone can recall Cesar Chavez's birthplace. (You may want to prompt by saying that it is in the southwestern part of the United States.) If they cannot remember, tell them that he was born in Arizona and place a red (or any color) star there. On the board (or overhead), also draw a red star and write Cesar Chavez next to it. (In the case of Chavez, and also Robinson, you may want to put a smaller star in California where they actually lived.)

Susan B. Anthony - born in Massachusetts (east, northeast)

Clara Barton - born in Massachusetts (east, northeast)

Mary McLeod Bethune - born in South Carolina (east, southeast)

Cesar Chavez - born in Arizona - lived in California (southwest, west)

Martin Luther King, Jr. - born in Georgia (east, southeast)

Rosa Parks - born in Alabama (east, southeast)

Sally Ride - born in California (west)

Jackie Robinson - born in Georgia - lived in California (southeast, west)

Eleanor Roosevelt - born in New York (east, northeast)

Review this information by using the map and the key (legend) to answer questions. Be sure to have the students point to the locations on the map when answering.



Second Grade - Geography - Lesson 12

Which two famous people were born in Massachusetts? (Anthony, Barton) In which part of the country is Massachusetts? (northeast)

Which two famous people were born in Georgia? (King, Robinson) In which part of the country is Georgia? (southeast)

Which three famous people lived in California (only one of them was born there)? (Robinson, Chavez, Ride) In which part of the country is California? (west)

Which four famous people were born in the southeast? (King, Bethune, Robinson, Parks)

Which two famous people were born in states that have two words in their names? (Roosevelt in New York, Bethune in South Carolina) In which parts of the country are each of these states located? (New York - northeast, South Carolina - southeast)

You may wish to ask questions that require recalled information as well.

Which famous person started a school? (Bethune) That school is located in a state that is a peninsula; identify the state and find it on the map. (Florida) Can you name the school? (Bethune-Cookman)

Which famous person lived in our state until her death? (Barton) What is the name of our state?

Which famous person lived in Washington, D.C. in a very famous house? (Roosevelt, White House) Can you name her husband and tell his job at the time they lived there? (Franklin Deleano Roosevelt, president)

Which famous person lived for awhile in one of the United States that is not part of the contiguous states? (Jackie Robinson) Where did he live? (Hawaii)