Third Grade - Geography - Lesson 9 - The Mediterranean Region
Locate and identify Italy, Greece, France, Spain, North Africa, the Mediterranean and Adriatic Seas.
Define island and peninsula.
Classroom-size world map
1 per student
Map of Europe, Asia, and northern Africa (attached)
Geography worksheet
Direct the students' attention to the classroom world map. Have a student locate the country of Italy and the city of Rome on the map. Tell the students that some of the geographical features of the land on which Rome was built made its location a wise place to build a city. Explain that Rome is built on hills alongside which a river flows. Have the students think about why the hills and the river made for a good place to build a city. Ask: What would be the benefits of living in a city that had high points from which you could see surrounding areas? (From a hill, they would be able to see enemies approaching.) What would be beneficial about living in a city that was next to a river? (travel by boat, water for drinking, bathing and farming)
Give each student a map and have them follow along as you locate countries and geographical features on the classroom world map.
Point to the entire country of Italy. Ask: What object does the shape of the country of Italy remind you of? (a boot) Tell the students that Italy is an easy country to find on a map of Europe because it is the country that is shaped like a boot with the island of Sicily at the toe of the boot. Ask: What is the definition of an island? (An area of land surrounded by water.) Write the definition of island on the board. Point out to the students that there are other islands to the east of the Italy, but Sicily is easy to find on a map because of its location at the toe of the Aboot.@ Ask: What kind of landform is the country of Italy? (a peninsula) Ask the students to define peninsula. (A piece of land that extends out into a body of water.) Write the definition of peninsula on the board. Ask: Into which body of water does the Italian peninsula extend? (the Mediterranean Sea) Tell the students that the country of Italy has the natural borders of water on three sides. The body of water to the east of the Italian peninsula, between Italy and Greece, is called the Adriatic Sea. Locate Greece and the Adriatic Sea on the world map.
Next, direct the students' attention to the country of Spain. Explain that the country of Spain, like Italy, extends out into the water, but Spain also has the natural barrier of the Pyrenees Mountains in the eastern portion of the country dividing Spain from the country of France. Point out that there is a narrow strip of water that also separates Spain from northern Africa called the Strait of Gibraltar. Explain that a strait is a narrow passage of water that connects two larger bodies of water. Locate the Strait of Gibraltar on the map. Ask: What two larger bodies of water does the Strait of Gibraltar connect? (the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea)
Give each student a copy of the geography worksheet. Have the students complete the worksheet using their maps.
Third Grade - Geography - Lesson 9 - The Mediterranean Region
Name ______________________________________________
Directions: Label the following countries and body of water on the map:
The Mediterranean Sea
Directions: Fill in the blanks using information from the map.
1. The ________________________________________ Mountains
separate Spain from France.
2. The country of ________________________________________ is a
peninsula that is shaped like a boot that extends into the
________________________________________ Sea.
3. The ____________________________________ of Gibraltar separates
Spain from the continent of _______________________________.
4. The capital of Italy is the city of _______________________________.