Baltimore Curriculum Project Draft Lessons

Introductory Notes

These lessons generally follow the grade-by-grade topics in the Core Knowledge Sequence, but they have been developed independent of the Core Knowledge Foundation. While the Core Knowledge Foundation encourages the development and sharing of lessons based on the Core Knowledge Sequence, it does not endorse any one set of lesson plans as the best or only way that the knowledge in the Sequence should be taught.

You may feel free to download and distribute these lessons, but please note that they are currently in DRAFT form. At this time the draft lessons on this web site do NOT have accompanying graphics, such as maps or cut-out patterns. Graphics will be added to this site later.

In participating BCP schools, these lessons are used in conjunction with the Direct Instruction skills programs in reading, language, and math. If you use or adapt these lessons, keep in mind that they are meant to address content and the application of skills. You will need to use other materials to ensure that children master skills in reading, language, and math.

Kindergarten - Music/Craft - Lesson 8


Develop an appreciation of melody.

Gain enjoyment from singing.

Participate in an art activity.


Tagboard patterns of a bell (attached)

Black construction paper

Aluminum foil

Red ribbon (can be made from construction paper)

Sleigh bells (optional)


Gather the children in a circle. Ask: What are some of your favorite holiday songs? (Allow children to respond.) Say: Today we are going to sing the holiday song called Jingle Bells. Ask: How many of you already know that song?

Say: If you know the words you may sing along with me. If you don't know all the words listen carefully and join in on the parts that you do know. Sing:

Jingle Bells

Dashing through the snow,

In a one-horse open sleigh,

O'er the fields we go,

Laughing all the way.

Bells on Bobtail ring,

Making spirits bright,

What fun it is to ride and sing a sleighing song tonight!

Jingle bells, jingle bells, jingle all the way,

Oh, what fun it is to ride in a one-horse open sleigh!

Jingle bells, jingle bells, jingle all the way,

Oh, what fun it is to ride in a one-horse open sleigh!

Ask: Do you know what a one-horse open sleigh is? (Explain if necessary) Ask: What kind of clothes would you have to wear if you went on a sleigh ride on a snowy night? (You would have to wear lots of warm clothing.)

If you have access to sleigh bells show them now and discuss how they were attached to the horse. Say: In the song we know what the horse's name is. Can you remember? Let's sing the first part of the song again and listen for the part about where the bells are. (Sing the first stanza. Help children realize that Bobtail is the name of the horse.)

Say: The sleigh bells make a very pretty sound. By attaching the bells to Bobtail, they jingled during the ride because the horse was running.


Kindergarten - Music/Craft - Lesson 8

Say: Today we are going to make a jingle bell out of paper.


1. Provide each student with a piece of black construction paper (5 x 10).

2. Students trace from a tagboard pattern, the top portion of the bell on the black paper.

3. Cut the top portion of the bell out. Assist children as necessary in cutting the opening at the top.

4. Lay the top portion to the side.

5. Students trace the bottom portion of the bell onto tagboard. Provide a pattern to trace.

6. Cover the bottom portion of the bell with aluminum foil.

7. Glue the top portion of the bell to the portion covered with aluminum foil.

8. A black marker (permanent) may be used to add the detail to the bell.

9. Attach a red ribbon bow to the top of the bell. (A ribbon may be made out of construction paper.)

Suggested Follow-Up Activity

Read the book The Polar Express by Chris Van Allsburg. A silver sleigh bell is a key component to this classic story about Santa Claus and the magic of Christmas.


Kindergarten - Music/Craft - Lesson 8

Sleigh Bell Patterns


Kindergarten - Music - Lesson 9


Sing Go Tell Aunt Rhody.

Sing Kum Ba Yah.

Go Tell Aunt Rhody


Go tell Aunt Rhody,

Go tell Aunt Rhody,

Go tell Aunt Rhody,

The old gray goose is dead.

The one she's been saving

The one she's been saving

The one she's been saving

To make a feather bed.

She died in the mill pond

She died in the mill pond

She died in the mill pond

Standing on her head.

[Repeat first verse]

Ask: Why did Aunt Rhody want the old gray goose? (She was going to use it's feathers to make a bed.) What happened to the goose? (It drowned in the pond.)

Kum Ba Yah

Tell the children that this is a folk song from Nigeria, on the continent of Africa. (Show them the country and continent on the world map.) Let them know that the words were originally "Come By Here, " but they were said with a special accent. Now everyone knows this song as Kum Ba Yah.

Kum Ba Yah


Kum ba yah, my lord, kum ba yah,

Kum ba yah, my lord, kum ba yah,

Kum ba yah, my lord, kum ba yah,

O, lord, kum ba yah


Someone's sleeping, lord, kum ba yah,

Someone's sleeping, lord, kum ba yah,

Someone's sleeping, lord, kum ba yah,

O lord, kum ba yah.

[Sing other serves with "laughing," "dreaming," "crying,"

"singing,"; then repeat chorus.]


Kindergarten - Music - Lesson 10


Listen to the recording of Toy Symphony (first movement) by Leopold Mozart.

Listen to the recording of "March of the Toys" (from Babes in Toyland) by Victor Herbert.

Respond to the music through movement.


Cassette or other recording of Toy Symphony

Cassette or other recording of Victor Herbert's "March of the Toys"

Note to the Teacher

There is a fair amount of confusion about the Mozart Toy Symphony. For years musicologists thought the symphony was the work of Michael Haydn (brother to the better- known Joseph), and some old recordings of the work attribute the work to him. Now it has been thoroughly investigated, and the conclusion is that the piece was written by Leopold Mozart, father to Wolfgang Amadeus. Probably this confusion arose in the first place because it is not a very good symphony; however, if you can find a recording in which the symphony is scored for actual toy instruments (of which there are quite a few), the children will have a good time listening. (Some recordings have regular orchestral instruments sounding like toy instruments, and it is not very effective that way.)

Orchestrated for toy instruments, the children can hear whistles, cracking blocks, tooting toy horns, and other recognizable toys.

It may be of interest to note that Victor Herbert was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1859, went at an early age to Germany for schooling, came to the United States as a young man to accept a position as cellist with the Metropolitan Opera in New York, and never went back to Europe. His compositions are predominantly for children, in the form of operettas, like Babes in Toyland.

Disney has made at least two versions of Babes in Toyland in the form of videos that may be entertaining for the children.


Obtain recordings of Toy Symphony and "March of the Toys." Play the music and discuss with the children how the music makes them feel. Play a small selection and ask: Does this part of the music make you feel like moving? Why?

Push the chairs and tables out of the way and allow children to move responsively to the musical selections. Encourage the children to be creative. There is no wrong way to move to the music. You may wish to participate, too. Model different ways of responding to the music.

Suggested Follow Up Activity

Provide the children with finger paint supplies and allow them to respond to the music through creative art.